Common European Framework of Reference for Languages
The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated as CEFR, is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe and, increasingly, in other countries (for example, Colombia and the Philippines). It was put together by the Council of Europe as the main part of the project "Language Learning for European Citizenship" between 1989 and 1996. Its main aim is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all languages in Europe.
The Common European Framework divides learners into three broad divisions that can be divided into six levels:
A: Basic level
- A1 (A1.1 + A1.2): Beginner
- A2 (A2.1 + A2.2): Basic
B: Intermediate level
- B1 (B1.1 + B1.2): Lower intermediate
- B2 (B2.1 + B2.2): Upper intermediate
C: Advanced level
- C1 (C1.1 + C1.2): Extremely fluent
- C2: Comparable to a native speaker
The CEFR describes what a learner is supposed to be able to do in reading, listening, speaking and writing at each level.
|Level Group Name||Basic level||Intermediate level||Advanced level|
|level||A1 (A1.1 + A1.2)||A2 (A2.1 + A2.2)||B1 (B1.1 + B1.2)||B2 (B2.1 + B2.2)||C1 (C1.1 + C1.2)||C2|
|Level Name||Beginner||Basic||Lower intermediate||Upper intermediate||Extremely fluent||Comparable to a native speaker|